Issue No. 129, November 1996
In an attempt to promote free and open discussion of issues, The Agrichemical and Environmental News encourages letters and articles with differing views. To include an article, contact: Alan Schreiber, Food and Environmental Quality Laboratory, 100 Sprout Road, Richland, WA 99352-1643, ph: 509-372-7324, fax: 509-372-7460,
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
|News and Notes||Costs of Producing|
Red Delicious Apples
|Preparation and Use
|New Fungicides Tested|
for Botrytis Bunch Rot
|The Birth of a Pesticide||1997 IR-4 Projects|
|WSU Pesticide Education||Tentative 1997 IR-4 Projects|
Available for Sale
Management -- High Value
With Limited Resources
PICOL Home Page
Note: The AENews is now accessible from the World Wide Web via the Pesticide Information Center On-Line page. The address for the page is: http://picol.cahe.wsu.edu
Enter this address carefully, paying close attention to punctuation and spacing (no spaces between parts of the address). Some readers may experience difficulties accessing the site. These are believed to be related to the Internet and to on-line services, not the web site. If you are having a problem accessing the web page, please inform Eric Bechtel (ph: 509-372-7378, fax: 509-372-7460, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Representatives of the Minor Crop Farmer Alliance met in Washington, D.C. on October 23 to begin the second phase of the group's existence. The broad coalition representing agricultural producers concluded its first phase symbolically with the signing by President Clinton, on August 3, of the Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA) of 1996. The MCFA in its first phase worked to develop and obtain legislation intended to ease the registration process for minor crop chemicals when safety is not an issue. The comprehensive law signed by President Clinton in August adopted much of the specific language developed by the MCFA.
Environmental Protection Agency representatives estimate that the agency will require three years to write the regulations and draft the policies needed to implement FQPA. MCFA believes it must continue its work during this time, according to coalition representatives.
According to MFCA representatives, the group intends to expand its scope of work to encompass the most significant issues arising under the Act that directly impact those engaged in production agriculture. This will include focusing on new risk assessment rules mandated by Congress under FQPA.
MCFA has established a goal of raising $200,000 for coalition work in 1997.
Excerpted from Northwest Horticultural Council News, November 1996
The October issue of the AENews stated that a Section 18 for use of zinc phosphide to manage vole (Microtus) complex in timothy and timothy-legume stands produced for hay and timothy produced for seed had been granted. It should have been stated, instead, that the Washington State Department of Agriculture had submitted a Section 18 request to the EPA.
The August isssue of the AENews stated that the Food Quality Protection Act would allow American Indian tribes to regulate pesticides on tribal grounds. This was a provision included in the next-to-last version of the legislation and the version circulated after passage. That provision was dropped from the legislation at passage.
Countries worldwide protect their domestic markets through the use of government price supports ranging from an 86% average subsidy for rice to a 10% average subsidy for wool, according to the October 28, 1996, Wall Street Journal. Average worldwide subsidies for other agricultural products are as follows: wheat (48%), sugar (refined white) (48%), lamb and mutton (45%) coarse grains (36%), beef (incl. veal) (35%), oil seeds (24%), pork (22%), poultry (14%), and eggs (14%). The average worldwide subsidy for all agricultural products is 43%.
European Union consumers spend as much as $7.5 billion more each year for sugar than if they bought it on the world market, according to a story in the October 28, 1996, issue of the Wall Street Journal.
The 15-nation union is expected to produce nearly 15.6 million tons of sugar in 1996, more than the projected 1996 EU sugar consumption of 12.6 million tons. A surplus might be expected to lead to lower sugar prices, but government price supports provide sugar beet producers and processors with sugar prices sometimes three times what they might expect on the world market.
Oral arguments in the Wileman case are to be heard December 2 by the U.S. Supreme Court.
Arising from a challenge to the California Tree Fruit Agreement, Wileman raises questions regarding the First Amendment and its application to mandated promotion programs in agriculture. While the California Tree Fruit Agreement is a federal marketing order, the constitutional issues involved have direct relevance to state marketing orders such as the Washington Apple Commission.
Wileman has attracted a number of friend-of-the-court briefs from such disparate groups as the American Advertising Federation, the AFL-CIO and the Pacific Legal Foundation.
Northwest Horticultural Council News, November 1996
WSCPR seeks proposals
The Washington State Commission on Pesticide Registration is seeking proposals to fund projects that will result in obtaining or maintaining a pesticide registation in the state of Washington. For information on obtaining assistance from the WSCPR, contact Catherine Daniels at 509-372-7492 or by E-mail at email@example.com.
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Your timely and thought-provoking editorial in the October 1996 issue of Agrichemical and Environmental News raises questions that certainly are not going to be answered by the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996.
Consider just one loophole that has been created involving the importation of food and food products from other countries. Peas come in from Sweden, citrus from many other countries, and apples from as far away as New Zealand.
Consider the matter of orange juice purchased by the housewife with the recitation on the label . . . "orange juice from Florida." What the label does not tell you is that the oranges from which the juice was produced were not grown in Florida but were grown in South America, and who knows what pesticides were involved and what residues were present on the oranges before processing them into juice. You can bet your bottom dollar that the exemption clause is going to be invoked more often than not, and who will determine the "significant disruption to domestic production?"
Delaney may have had his faults, but at least we knew where we stood.
Yours very truly,
Stuart W. Turner
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I recently visited the headquarters of a large chemical company and learned about its registration process. This company screens 20,000 to 35,000 chemicals and 50,000 fermentation products each year for herbicide, insecticide and fungicidal effects. In the first screening, each chemical or product is tested for efficacy on eight insects, six diseases and four weeds pre and post emergence. If a compound shows efficacy against at least one organism, it will undergo secondary screening. Registration for an herbicide will be pursued only if it demonstrates excellent efficacy against one or more weeds that pose major problems in one of four crops: rice, corn, soybeans or small grains. (The world-wide market for soybean herbicides is $2 billion annually; for rice, it is $600 million.)
The discovery process for a chemical lasts one to two years. The next stage is predevelopment. Each year the company tries to move two chemicals to predevelopment, where the chemicals are subjected to a series of tests to determine their suitability for registration. This process lasts three years, meaning that there are about six compounds in predevelopment at any one time. The next stage is development, which lasts three years. The company tries to have three compounds in this stage. From the development stage, the company tries to launch (introduce onto the market) at least one product a year.
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The winter training schedule for Washington State University pesticide education programs is completed. Brochures were mailed October 9, 1996 to individuals with a current pesticide license. Both Pre-license and Recertification courses will be offered this winter. A Spanish recertification class was offered in November. A pre-license aquatic session will be offered January 23, 1997. Registration is $40 per day, unless postmarked 14 days prior to the program, in which case it is considered early registration at $30 per day.
In response to comments regarding the Integrated Plant Health Workshop held last season in Puyallup, WSU has scheduled two workshops this year -- one in Spokane and one in Puyallup.
More information regarding winter training or registration may be obtained by contacting Cooperative Extension Conferences at 509-335-2830, the WAPP World Wide Web site at http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~ramsay or email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Each day provides six recertification credits.
|Moses Lake||Jan. 23, 24||Fife||Jan. 15, 16|
|Pasco||Jan. 23, 24||Kelso||Jan. 28, 29|
|Mt. Vernon||Feb. 12, 13||Lynnwood||Feb. 4, 5|
|Yakima||Jan. 27, 28||Bellevue||Feb. 18, 19|
|Spokane||Feb. 19, 20||Elma||Mar. 4, 5|
|Pullman||Feb. 26, 27|
|Integrated Plant Health
(registration will be limited to the first 60 people)
|Puyallup||Feb. 24-27||Spokane||Mar. 4-7|
The pre-license program offers no recertification credits. Testing is scheduled for Day 3 in the afternoon.
* Days 1-3 for Private Applicators
* Day 1 for Laws and Safety and Dealer/Managers
* Day 2 for Weed Control
* Day 3 for Insect and Disease Control
|Moses Lake||Jan. 15-17||Fife||Jan. 14-16|
|Pasco||Jan. 21-23+aquatic||Kelso||Jan. 27-29|
|Yakima||Jan. 29-31||Lynnwood||Feb. 3-5|
|Spokane||Feb. 18-20||Mt. Vernon||Feb. 11-13|
|Pullman||Feb. 25-27||Puyallup||Mar. 11-13|
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WSU has available several bulletins and videos to support pesticide education, mostly pre-license training. Following is a breakdown of materials currently offered by the Bulletin Office for pre-license, recertification, and worker protection training. A single asterisk (*) alongside the price indicates that postage and handling charges are additional; these charges are already included in the pre-license study materials.
For those interested in pesticide licensing in Washington, the Pesticide Licensing Guide MISC0078 (no charge) explains 1) type of license needed, 2) license fees required, 3) the exam requirements associated with that license, and 4) allowable exam substitutions. It also lists Washington State Department of Agriculture exam locations and dates. Study material titles are similar to exam category titles.
|Pre-license Study Manuals||Publ. No.||Price (ea)|
|Washington Pesticide Laws and Safety|
-- also for Dealer/Managers
|Animal Damage Control in Washington||EB1147||$9.00|
|Aquatic Pest Control||MISC0134||$7.50|
|Interior Plantscape Pest Control||MISC0176||$9.00|
|Introduction to Insect and Disease Management||MISC0175||$7.50|
|Livestock Pests: Study Guide||MISC0052||$4.50|
|Pest Management Study Manual for|
Pest Control Operators (PCOs)
also for Structural Pest Control Inspector
|Private Applicator Pesticide Education Manual||MISC0126||$12.00|
|Public Health Pest Control||MISC0151||$ 6.50|
|Seed Treatment||EM4747||$ 4.50|
|Soil Fumigation||MISC0163||$ 4.50|
|Stored Grain Pest Control||MISC0157||$ 5.50|
|Structural and Turf Demossing||EM4749||$ 2.00|
|Agricultural Weed Management Principles||MISC0167||$ 8.00|
|Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles||MISC0170||$ 8.00|
|Rights-of-Way Vegetation Management (new)||MISC0185||$ 8.00|
|Wood Preservation||MISC0105||$ 4.50|
|Video Training Materials||Video No.||Price (ea)|
|Sprayer Prep with John and Daryl||VT0042||$ 25.00*|
|Calibration with Gary and Carol||VT0050||$ 25.00*|
|Weed Identification||VT0054||$ 15.00*|
|Weed Management Strategies||VT0055||$ 15.00*|
|Pesticide Handlers and the Worker Protection**||VT0066||$ 18.50*|
|Pesticide Handlers and the Worker Protection -|
|Rinse and Recycle: Plastic Pesticide Containers***||VT0041||$ 25.00*|
|Rinse and Recycle: Plastic Pesticide Containers -|
|Protection from Exposure - English|
and Spanish versions***
|Orchard Air-Blast Spraying***||VT0013||$ 30.00*|
|Orchard Air-Blast Spraying - in Spanish***||VT0014||$ 30.00*|
|Pocket Gopher Management***||VT0006||$ 28.00*|
|Jointed Goatgrass: A Threat to Wheat***||VT0035||$ 15.00*|
|Turfgrass Management with Dr. Gwen Stahnke***||VT0063||$ 20.00*|
-no marks are for pre-license
** worker protection training
*** recertification training
|Pesticide Information Bulletins/Fact Sheets||Publ. No.||Price (ea)|
|Safe Disposal of Home Use Pesticides||EB1386||$1.00*|
|Read Pesticide Labels||EB1468||$1.00*|
|Analytical Labs and Consultants|
Serving Agric. in PNW
|Using Pesticides Safely in the Home and Garden||EB1636||$1.00*|
|Home-A-Syst: Improving Pesticide Storage|
|Home-A-Syst: Pesticide Storage and Handling||EB1746-W2||$1.00*|
|Herbicide Injury Symptoms|
on Cherry, Grape, Alfalfa and Rose
|Protective Clothing for Pesticide Users||MISC0107||$1.00*|
|First Aid for Pesticide Poisoning||PNW0278||$0.50*|
|Calibrating and Using a Backpack Sprayer||PNW0320||$1.00*|
|Chemigation in the Pacific Northwest||PNW0360||$1.50*|
|Crop Protection Guide|
for Tree Fruits in Washington
|Spray Guide for Grapes in Washington||EB0762||$3.00*|
|Pest Management Guide|
for Commercial Small Fruits
|Special Local Needs (Section 24c)||EB1815||$1.00*|
|The IR-4 Project - Interregional|
Research Project No.4
|Emergency Exemptions (Section 18s)||EB1817||$1.00|
|PNW Insect Control Handbook||MISC0047||$19.50|
|PNW Plant Disease Handbook||MISC0048||$19.50|
|PNW Weed Control Handbook||MISC0049||$19.50|
WSU Bulletin Office
P.O. Box 645912
Pullman, WA 99164-5912
For content information, contact:
For information on ALL WSU publications and video, the Educational Materials catalog #C0506, is available at no charge from the WSU Bulletin Office.
Those with Internet access may also wish to direct their browsers to the Pesticide Licensing Guide: http://www.wsu.edu:email@example.com.
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WSDA pesticide management --
high value with limited resources
The Washington State Department of Agriculture Pesticide Management Division is divided into three branches: Registration, Compliance and Program Development. The Registration Branch is responsible for maintaining 8,500 registrations, submitting about 25 emergency exemption requests to EPA, registering about 50 Section 24 (c) registrations, providing label interpretation and providing other registration support activities. Four full-time staff and one half-time individual are assigned to the Registration Branch. The Compliance Branch investigates complaints thought to be related to pesticides, provides inspections and technical assistance and monitors activities allowed by permits. There are 18 individuals in the Compliance Branch. The Program Development Branch is responsible for testing, licensing and continuing education of Washington's 25,000 pesticide license holders and the state groundwater management plan. The Program Development Branch staff consists of 11 full-time positions and one half-time position. Two individuals are responsible for the division's administration and three individuals are responsible for the waste pesticide disposal program.
While Washington state ranks fifth in the nation in overall pesticide usage and third in the nation in importance of minor crops, the size of the state pesticide regulatory program is relatively small. The average amount of support for state pesticide programs is $3.7 million (based on a survey of 31 states.) Washington's PMD budget is $2.4 million.
The following table ranks the eight leading states in terms of the value of minor use agriculture and provides a comparison of the relative size of the state pesticide regulatory programs. Value of minor crops is used because it is a primary indication of intensity and complexity of pesticide use patterns. While Washington ranks third in value of minor crops, it ranks sixth in size of its pesticide management program. Only Oregon ranks lower among the eight states.
|State||Minor Crops Sales|
in $ billion
|All Crop Sales|
in $ billion
budget in $ million
Washington's Pesticide Management Division obtains 42% of its support from registration fees, 28% from license fees and 15% each from the state general fund and from EPA.
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Tim Smith, WSU County Agent, recently developed some approximate costs for producing a typical box of Red Delicious apples. These numbers are estimates, but they provide some interesting insight into the costs of apple production.
A box of Red Delicious apples cost an average of $14.92 per box to produce in 1995. Grower profit margin, at $3.79, was the greatest single contributor to cost. Pack and store labor, at $3.36, was the second greatest single production cost.
Other costs included machines and buildings ($2.47), labor ($1.73), the box, trays and liner ($1.22), storage and marketing ($1.01), sprays and fertilizers ($0.78), grower profit margin ($0.65), and repair, interest and overhead ($0.55).
The average cost per box of Red Delicious apples in 1994 was $11.78. The increase in the 1995 average cost was due to an increased grower profit margin as a result of low apple supplies in 1995. Grower profit margin in 1994 was an average $0.64 per box.
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When grapes are delivered to a winery, the winemaker usually inspects them to determine whether they should be accepted or rejected and, if accepted, what class of wine will be made from them. The highest quality fruit goes into premium varietal wines, while fruit of lower quality may go into bulk wines. The grower may receive less money for lower quality fruit.
One of the factors a winemaker considers when deciding the fate of a load of grapes is the amount of bunch rot present. Bunch rot is a disease usually caused by the fungus Botrytis cinerea. Other fungi and bacteria may infect the cluster after it is infected by botrytis. Botrytis produces an enzyme that makes the fruit soften and turn brown. If the rot is "clean", meaning that it contains only botrytis without secondary molds or bacteria, the grapes can be made into botrytized dessert wines that are very sweet. However, most fruit with bunch rot is undesirable for winemaking. If a grower suspects that more than 10% of the fruit in a vineyard has bunch rot, the grower sends crews to drop the rotted clusters on the ground. This process is expensive and may lead to significant yield loss.
Unregistered fungicides may not be used commercially in the state of Washington. Iprodione (Rovral) is the only registered fungicide used to control bunch rot on Washington wine grapes. Rovral is only used on 3% of state wine grape acres, and growers have expressed doubts as to its effectiveness. In 1996 the Washington Wine Advisory Board and the Northwest Center for Small Fruit Research funded a screening trial to determine the effectiveness of various new fungicides on botrytis bunch rot. The trial was conducted in a white riesling vineyard near Grandview, Washington.
Rovral at the maximum label rate (2 lb/A) was used as the industry standard treatment. A half rate of Rovral (1 lb/A) tank mixed with either a 1% or 2% solution of JMS Stylet Oil (a mineral oil made by JMS Flower Farms) was also tested. Vanguard (cyprodinil), made by Ciba Crop Protection, was tested alone and tank mixed with a low rate of Rovral (0.76 lb/A). Botran (DCNA) and a liquid formulation of DCNA, both made by Gowan, were also included, as was fluazinam, made by ISK Biosciences. The manufacturer of one test compound asked that the product name not be released; it will be referred to as Experimental Compound One (EC-1).
Treatments were applied at bloom, pre-bunch closure and veraison (the onset of ripening). After harvest, project personnel evaluated clusters from the plots for bunch rot severity (percent of each cluster covered by bunch rot). The results are shown in the table below. The tank mix of Vanguard + Rovral had significantly lower bunch rot severity than either Vanguard alone or Rovral at the maximum rate alone. JMS Stylet-Oil tank mixed with a half rate of Rovral showed no improvement in control relative to Rovral alone. For both EC-1 and fluazinam, the low rate of the product significantly outperformed the high rate.
If funding is available, a second botrytis bunch rot fungicide screening trial will be conducted in 1997.
|Vanguard + Rovral||12%||a|
|EC-1 (low rate)||14%||ab|
|Fluazinam (low rate)||15%||bc|
|EC-1 (high rate)||16%||c|
|JMS Stylet-Oil (high rate) + Rovral||19%||d|
|Fluazinam (high rate)||20%||d|
|JMS Stylet-Oil (low rate + Rovral)||21%||d|
The Washington State Commission on Pesticide Registration met November 20 in Federal Way at the Weyerhaeuser Technology Center to discuss the upcoming Request For Proposals and to review four proposals for funding. Funded proposals included the following: 1) Combination treatment of Parrotfeather with fluridone and triclopyr - submitted by Bill Wansley of Lewis County Noxious Weed Control Board ($24,915), 2) Weed control and burdock (gobo) - submitted by Alan Schreiber ($10,000), 3) Support for 1997 Western Region/Washington IR-4 Projects - submitted by the Western Region IR-4 coordinator ($35,000), and 4) Control of cone and seed insects within forest tree seed orchards of genetically improved Douglas-fir with the nicotine-based chemical imidacloprid - submitted by Dr. Charles J. Masters of Weyerhaeuser ($13,486).
The next scheduled meeting, during which commissioners will elect officers, is January 13, 1997, in Spokane. Location and time have not yet been determined.
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I recently obtained a copy of the IR-4 projects tentatively scheduled for initiation in 1997. It is important to remember that some of these may not proceed and that new projects may be added. It is remarkable that IR-4 is initiating at least 50 projects on 34 crops of interest to Washington (and the Pacific Northwest). Additional projects of interest to Oregon and Idaho, but not to Washington, may be initiated.
Each of these projects addresses some unmet critical crop protection need. Successful completion of these projects is still 3 to 4 years away, but these projects, once completed, will solve a wide array of many of agriculture's most pressing pest problems. In the more extreme cases, a Section 18 emergency exemption can be sought to provide relief in the interim before registrations.
A list of tentative 1997 Pacific Northwest IR-4 projects accompanies this article. An "R" by a chemical name indicates that the project is a reregistration effort; all other projects involve new registrations.
Crops with the most projects include asparagus, blueberry, raspberry, hops, and onion (dry bulb). Each has three projects.
There are at least three reasons for emphasizing these crops:
1) Much of the projects are funded by the commodity groups themselves.
2) Growers for the crops in most cases are organized, have prioritized pest control needs and have articulated them to the IR-4 Project.
3) They have serious multiple pest control needs.
A review of some of the projects highlights the importance of these IR-4 projects.
With the loss of propargite (Comite) on lima beans, growers have no alternative for control of spider mites. Control of spider mites on lima beans is important in the Pacific Northwest, and a Section 18 based on this effort is likely.
Growers in Washington and Idaho obtained a crisis exemption to expand their use of dimethoate for aphid control from one application to three, raised the rate of application and shortened the pre-harvest interval. Data generated by IR-4 will be essential to obtaining an exemption in the future.
Scientists at several universities have demonstrated the effectiveness of spinosad (Success) in controlling immature Colorado potato beetle with minimal impact on beneficials. Obtaining use of this chemical will be important for the development of future potato Integrated Pest Management programs.
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Tentative 1997 IR-4 projects
apple pendimethalin (Prowl) asparagus clethodim (Select), pirimicarb (Pirimor),
spinosad (Success) barley zinc phosphide bean (dry) glyphosate (Roundup), imidacloprid (Provado) blueberry dimethoate, glufosinate (Rely),
imidacloprid (Provado) caneberry (raspberry) chlorfenapyr (Alert), R-dicofol (Kelthane),
oxyfluorfen (Goal) caneberry (blackberry) R-dicofol (Kelthane) carrot metolachlor cherry pendimethalin (Prowl), tebuconazole (Folicur) clover (seed) R-MCPA cranberry fosetyl-al (Aliette), imidacloprid (Provado) dill ethalfluralin (Sonalan) garlic glyphosate (Roundup) ginseng DCPA (Dacthal) greens (mustard) clethodim (Select) hops R-endothall (Accelerate), pirimicarb (Pirimor),
tebuconazole (Folicur) lentil benomyl (Benlate) lettuce (head and leaf) pirimicarb (Pirimor) lettuce (leaf) imazethapyr (Pursuit) lettuce (head) imazethapyr (Pursuit) lima bean acifluorfen (Blazer), bifenthrin (Brigade) mint clomazone (Command) onion (dry bulb) bentazon (Basagran), chlorfenapyr (Alert),
dimethenamid (Frontier) pea (edible podded) dimethoate pea (dry) dimethoate pea imidacloprid (Provado) peach pendimethalin (Prowl), tebuconazole (Folicur) pear diflubenzuron (Dimilin) pepper(bell and non-bell) ethoprop (Mocap) pepper (bell) chorothalonil (Bravo) plum pendimethalin (Prowl), tebuconazole (Folicur) potato spinosad (Success) rhubarb oxyfluorfen (Goal) strawberry R-cryolite (Kryocide, Prokil)
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Several outbreaks of illness from E. coli O157:H7 have been caused by drinking unpasteurized apple cider.
Apples that fall from trees in the orchard and come in contact with cow,sheep or deer manure on the ground are the most likely source of E. coli O157:H7 contamination.
Any time cider is made from fresh apples, there is a risk that E. colior other bacteria will be in the finished product. The most effective way to kill the bacteria is to pasteurize the cider or juice by heating it. Research at Cornell University has established that heating cider to 160O F for 0.1 minute is sufficient to kill E. coli 0157:H7. Pasteurization is particularly important when using apples that have dropped from the trees.
Washington State University suggests the following cautions regarding the making of apple cider:
unpasteurized apple cider:
(The following steps will reduce, but not completely eliminate, the risk of E. coli O157:H7 contamination from fresh cider.)
Making apple juice
from apples that have fallen on the ground:
Prepared by Val Hillers,
Washington State University
Extension Food Specialist
and Richard H. Dougherty, Ph.D., Washington State University
Extension Food Science Specialist
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"Officially Unofficial" is a regular feature that may include
information considered inappropriate by
From The Packer, Nov. 4, 1996, Reprinted by permission from The Packer.
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The following actions by EPA occurred since the last report (October 1996).
|FA=feed additive||FM=fumigant||G=growth regulator||H=herbicide|
EPA is correcting its rule, published on July 31, 1996, that established tolerances for residues on the insecticide/miticide fenpropathrin, a synthetic pyrethroid, in or on the raw agricultural commodities (RACs) peanuts and peanut hay, and increases tolerances in meat, meat byproduct and fat of cattle, goats, hogs, horses and sheep and poultry; eggs; and milkfat.
|(I) Fenpropathrin||1.0 (a)||cattle, sheep; fat|
|0.1 (a)||sheep: mbyp, meat|
(a) Time limited tolerance expires Nov. 15th, 1997.
UCB Chemicals Corporation, the basic producer of ferbam, plans to support the registration of ferbam for several uses during the reregistration process. IR-4 is assisting in the maintenance of several of these uses.
Several currently registered uses are not being supported and are expected to be canceled. Those registered uses supported by the basic producer, UCB, and those unsupported are listed here:
Registered uses supported by UCB that are expected to be
apples, *blackberries (SLN in Oregon and Washington), *cherries, conifers (forest), *cranberries, *dewberries (SLN in Oregon and Washington), grapefruit, *grapes, lemons, limes, *loganberries (SLN in Oregon and Washington), mangoes (SLN in Florida), nectarines, oranges, ornamentals (herbaceous and shrubs), peaches, pears, *raspberries (SLN in Oregon and Washington), tangelos, tangerines, tobacco, and *youngberries (SLN in Oregon and Washington).
* IR-4 is providing support for these registered uses.
Registered uses unsupported and expected to be
apricots, beans, cabbage, lettuce, and tomatoes.
For additional information contact: Mr. Dennis W. Long, UCB Chemicals
Phone 770-801-3212, Fax 770-801-3238
DuPont Ag Products plans to support all of the registered uses of methomyl during the reregistration process expected to be completed by the end of 1997. DuPont had previously cancelled uses on watercress, woodlots, clover, turnips (except greens), and ornamentals in the years 1992-1994. During that time DuPont also reduced use rates and/or total number of applications on apples, citrus, and pears.
The product label for 1997 remains nearly the same as for 1996. Additional requirements have been added to the Personal Protective Equipment section for cleaners and repairers of application equipment, and information has been added to remind users not to open, cut or tear the inner water soluble bag. The rate adjustments and additional label language have been added in response to concerns about worker exposure.
Registered uses supported by DuPont that are expected to be
alfalfa, anise, apples, asparagus, avocados, barley, beans, beets, bermudagrass, pastures, blueberries, broccoli, broccoli raab (SLN in California), Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, *chicory, Chinese broccoli (SLN in California), Chinese cabbage, collards, corn (field, pop, sweet), cotton, cucumbers, dandelions, eggplants, endive (escarole), fennel, garlic, grapes, grapefruit, horseradish, kale, lemons, lentils, lettuce, livestock premises (nonfood fly bait use of technical product), melons, mint, mustard greens, nectarines (SLN in Arizona, California, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and West Virginia), oats, onions, oranges, parsley, peaches, peanuts, pears, peas, pecans, peppers, pomegranates, potatoes, pumpkins (SLN in California), radishes (SLN in California and Florida), rye, sorghum, soybeans, spinach, squash (summer), strawberries, sugar beets, sweet potatoes (SLN in California), Swiss chard, tangelos, tangerines, tobacco, tomatoes, turnip greens, turf, and wheat.
* IR-4 is providing support for this registered use.
Registered uses unsupported and expected to be cancelled: none
For additional information contact: Dr. Charles Baer, DuPont Agricultural Products, Phone: 302-992-6260, Fax: 302-992-6470, E-mail: Baercs@a1.csag1.umc.dupont.com
The USEPA is withdrawing the proposed revocations and final rules revoking several pesticide residue tolerances in processed food or animal feed. This is in accordance with provisions of the recently enacted Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA). The act replaces the Delaney clause with a single health-based standard requiring a "reasonable certainty of no harm" for pesticide residues in all types of food.
The USEPA is also withdrawing final and proposed revocations based on its interpretation of which foods are "ready-to-eat," because the new law does not require such a determination. Finally, the USEPA is also withdrawing proposed rules revoking food tolerances that were based on the premise, known as the "coordination policy," that if a processed food tolerance were required but could not be established due to the Delaney clause, the corresponding raw food tolerance should not be allowed.
The following withdrawn tolerance revocations have not yet taken effect and will remain lawful. This should not be interpreted as a safety finding by the USEPA. The agency will systematically review the safety of all tolerances within the next 10 years, as required under the FQPA. Tolerance revocations that have already taken effect (not listed here) will not be reinstated unless new petitions are submitted to the USEPA that demonstrate the tolerances meet the standards of the FQPA.
Tolerances for which revocations are being withdrawn and the original reasons for proposed or final revocation are listed here:
|Apples||dicofol||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Apples||propargite||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Barley||mancozeb||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Citrus||benomyl||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Citrus oil||imazalil||not ready-to-eat||final 409|
|Citrus pulp, dried||benomyl||not ready-to-eat||proposed 409|
|Citrus pulp, dried||imazalil||not ready-to-eat||proposed 409|
|Cocoa||propylene oxide||Delaney clause||final 409|
|Cottonseed||acephate||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Cottonseed||dimethipin||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Cottonseed||oxyfluorfen||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Cottonseed||thiodicarb||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Cottonseed hulls||acephate||not ready-to-eat||proposed 409|
|Feed of beef, dairy|
cattle, and horses
|tetrachlorvinphos||Delaney clause||proposed 409|
|Figs||propargite||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Figs, dried||propargite||Delaney clause||final 409|
|acephate||Delaney clause||final 409|
bagged and packaged
|dichlorvos (DDVP)||Delaney clause||final 409|
|Ginseng, dried||iprodione||Delaney clause||final 409|
|Grapes||captan||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Grapes||dicofol||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Grapes||mancozeb||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Grapes||maneb||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Grapes||norflurazon||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Grapes||propargite||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Grapes||triadimefon||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Gums||propylene oxide||Delaney clause||final 409|
|propylene oxide||Delaney clause||final 409|
|Oats||mancozeb||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Oat bran||mancozeb||Delaney clause||final 409|
|Peanuts||iprodione||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Peppermint||oxyfluorfen||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Pineapples||carbaryl||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Pineapples||triadimefon||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Plums||dicofol||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Plums||propargite||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Raisins||benomyl||Delaney clause||final 409|
|Raisins||iprodione||Delaney clause||final 409|
|Rice||benomyl||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Rice||iprodione||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Rice bran||iprodione||not ready-to-eat||proposed 409|
|Rice hulls||benomyl||not ready-to-eat||proposed 409|
|Rice hulls||iprodione||not ready-to-eat||proposed 409|
|Rye||mancozeb||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Soybeans||diflubenzuron||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Soybeans||oxyfluorfen||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Soybeans||thiodicarb||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Soybean hulls||diflubenzuron||not ready-to-eat||proposed 409|
|Soybean hulls||thiodicarb||not ready-to-eat||proposed 409|
|Spearmint||oxyfluorfen||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Spices, ground||ethylene oxide||Delaney clause||final 409|
|Spices, processed||propylene oxide||Delaney clause||final 409|
|ethylene oxide||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Sugarcane||simazine||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Sugarcane molasses||simazine||Delaney clause||proposed 409|
|Sunflower seed||alachlor||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Tea, dried||dicofol||Delaney clause||final 409|
|Tea, dried||propargite||Delaney clause||final 409|
|Tomatoes||captan||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Tomatoes||dicofol||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Tomatoes||lindane||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Tomatoes||PCNB||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Tomatoes||permethrin||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Tomato products||benomyl||Delaney clause||final 409|
|Wheat||mancozeb||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Wheat||methomyl||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Wheat||triadimefon||coordination pol.||proposed 408|
|Wheat frac., milled||mancozeb||not ready-to-eat||proposed 409|
|Wheat frac., milled||triadimefon||Delaney clause||final 409|
|* Proposed or final Section 408 (raw) or 409 (processed) tolerances.|
For additional information contact: Ms. Niloufar Nazmi-Glosson, EPA, Special Review Branch, Phone 703-308-8028, Fax 703-308-804, firstname.lastname@example.org
The source of this information, the Reregistration Notification Network, is a cooperative effort of USDA-NAPIAP, Interregional Project No. 4 (IR-4), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), and the American Crop Protection Association (ACPA).
For additional information on any reregistration notification, contact the individual(s) listed or contact:
WSU Pesticide Coordinator
100 Sprout Road
Richland, WA 99352-1643
Bacticide for use as a fruit dip, SLN number WA960035, has been
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